Sunday, 20/8/2017 | 6:07 UTC+1
Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • A League of His Own: Italy’s Northern League under Salvini

    Italy’s far-right Northern League has received considerable attention due to its recent surge in popularity. In the wake of the January 7th Charlie Hebdo attacks in Paris the Northern League, a historically xenophobic party, was able to capitalize off European fears of Islamic extremism. According to the Wall Street Journal, a recent poll found 13%

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  • Ebola: Sierra Leone’s New War

    Sierra Leone is a country located on the west coast of Africa. It gained independence from Britain on April 27, 1961. It is bounded to the north and northeast by Guinea, Liberia to the south and southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Sierra Leone is not only bounded by these countries, but also

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  • Turkey Urgently Needs to Integrate Its Syrian Refugees

    ­ Since 2011, more than 3.2m Syrians are known to have taken refuge in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and a number of other countries. The real scale of the crisis is likely to be much greater, as not all refugees are registered with UNHCR. In Lebanon, for example, the official figure is 1.1m, but according to

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  • The Collapse of Western Civilization – Speculation on Our Future

    “Science fiction writers construct an imaginary future; historians attempt to reconstruct the past. Ultimately, both are seeking to understand the present.” Thus begins “The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View From Our Future” by Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway, a tiny paperback that is really a 52-page essay, a work of fiction, set in  the

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  • The Iranian Role in Iraq is Underreported

    News reports tell us that negotiations have been delayed between the U.S. and Iran on nuclear weapons. But the reports divert our attention on Al Qaeda/ISIS while supporting the Shia’s diversion of US supplies and support away from the Sunnis trying to fight Al Qaeda/ISIS. The reported deaths of an Iranian Revolutionary Guard (IRG) general

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  • Northern Sea Route: A Game Changer for Russia?

    Throughout the twentieth century, we see the growing importance of oil to the growth of the global economy. In the unlikely event of the discovery of a major feasible alternative energy source, it will continue to be the most valuable commodity in the world. Countries that are born lucky with significant oil wealth or major

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  • Turkmenistan: What’s Behind Sudden Manat Devaluation?

    Turkmenistan rang in the New Year by dramatically devaluing its national currency, the manat, and introducing a steep levy on the price of petrol. The scale of the devaluation – comparable to the 19 percent devaluation of the tenge in Kazakhstan earlier in the year – comes as all Central Asian economies are feeling the

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  • What’s The EEU And What Are Its Chances?

    Five years ago, Moscow had every reason to feel secure about its neighborhood. Ally Kazakhstan was settling in as the first post-Soviet state to chair the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Belarus had acquiesced to new oil-supply terms from Russia. And all three countries had just joined forces in a new Common Economic

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  • Predictions for 2015

    Making predictions or forecasts about a national or the world economy is fraught with failure. There are so many variables to consider and the data available are often inadequate and biased. But the main reason why economists are usually wrong with their forecasts and predictions is that mainstream economics has no real theory or laws

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