Europe

An Assessment of the EU`s Role in the Developing World in Relation to Migration

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By Esengul Ayaz | 15 April 2010

 


Abstract

 

 

The aim of this article is to analyse the EU`s role in the developing worldin relation to migration. To achieve that reasons behind the migrationfrom developing countries to EU countries are discussed and the impactof migration on the development of poor countries is analysed. Thecommon migration policy of the EU is introduced and EU`s policies tomanage the migration flows are presented. The main argument of thisarticle is that despite some attempts of the EU to manage migrationrelations between developing countries and the EU in favour of bothsides, the Union still has a long way to go.

 

Introduction

 

The movement of people around the world and increased migration to Europe are inevitable results of globalisation and migration has been viewed as the human face of globalisation. People are migrating from their countries to others for various reasons and no country can isolate itself from the challenges of migration. As a result of its welfare and stability, Europe is one of the most attractive places for immigrants from developing countries. While migration affects EU countries and developing ones differently, unmanaged migration has negative effects on both sides. The paper can be divided into two main parts. In the first part, reasons of migration from developing countries to EU member states and the impact of migration on poor countries through brain drain and remittances will be examined. In the second part of the paper, the EU`s attempt to make migration a common issue of member states and its policies to manage the migration flows will be presented.

 

Push and Pull Factors behind the Immigration to the European Union

 

Poverty, injustice and armed conflict cause millions of displaced people across the globe. In the last 30 years, the number of international migrants reached to 191 million worldwide.1 These include economic migrants forced to move, refugees and internally displaced persons and victims of human trafficking. The majority of these immigrants are economic migrants who have no reason to stay in their countries of origin. It is expected that there are between 30 and 40 million undocumented migrants worldwide who compromises nearly 15–20 percent of the world’s migrant population.

 

 

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* Published in the First Issue of Journal of Global Analysis (JGA).

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