Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Post-Gaddafi Reconstruction of Libya

    On 19 August 2011, Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, Vice-Chairman of National Transition Council (NTC), the rebel group fighting against the Colonel Gaddafi regime in Libya announced that ‗The zero hour has started. The rebels in Tripoli have risen up.‘ This was followed by important gains made by the rebels in the second part of August, taking

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  • Reintegrating the Taliban after the Death of Osama bin Laden

    Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda leader, was killed by US forces in Abbottabad, near Islamabad, Pakistan on 2nd May 2011. Nearly 10 years after the 9/11 terrorist attacks coordinated by al-Qaeda, this was “the most significant achievement to date” in the war against terror as pointed out by the US President Barack Obama [1]. There has

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  • Turkey’s Role in the New Middle East

    On 22 February 2011, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, the long standing dictator of Libya appeared on TV to declare that he was going nowhere, did not care what the people of Libya wanted for their future and that he was planning to become a martyr in his own country. The defiance of Gaddafi was probably not

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  • A Very Sad Day for Europe: UK Opt to Leave European Union

    The Brexit Referendum results – 51.9% for Leave and 48.1% to Remain – confirm the United Kingdom has decided to leave the European Union. Today’s results will have serious ramifications as the country enters a phase of protracted uncertainty. The initial economic reaction is already grim, with markets deeply nervous about the future of the

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  • Turkey Urgently Needs to Integrate Its Syrian Refugees

    ­ Since 2011, more than 3.2m Syrians are known to have taken refuge in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and a number of other countries. The real scale of the crisis is likely to be much greater, as not all refugees are registered with UNHCR. In Lebanon, for example, the official figure is 1.1m, but according to

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  • Turkey stuck at a crossroads as Islamic State terrorises Kobanê

    Kobanê, a small Kurdish town on the Syrian-Turkish border, has now become the ultimate test of Turkey’s ambivalence on how to engage the so-called Islamic State (IS) in the rapidly worsening situation in Syria and Iraq. The town is under siege from IS and fighters from the Kurdish PYD (Democratic Union Party) are desperately holding

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