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Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • At War against Itself: Religious Identity, Militancy and Growing Insecurity in Northern Nigeria

    JCTS (Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security) | Vol. 4 | No. 1-2 | April-October 2014 Abstract This paper critically examines the uneasy nexus between religious identity and spiralling violence in contemporary northern Nigeria. This nexus is illustrated with the ongoing militancy of Boko Haram, the radical Islamist group from north-eastern Nigeria whose avowed aim

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  • Ebola: Sierra Leone’s New War

    Sierra Leone is a country located on the west coast of Africa. It gained independence from Britain on April 27, 1961. It is bounded to the north and northeast by Guinea, Liberia to the south and southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Sierra Leone is not only bounded by these countries, but also

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  • Why Did Algeria Not Know Its Own Arab Spring? The Islamic Hypothesis

    According to asurvey conductedin 2012 by the ArabBarometer, 84.5% of Algeriansare not interestedin politics and 52% donot have faith in the political system.  Such lack of confidencemight suggestthat Algeria isready to engage in its own Arab Spring.  However, almost a yearand a half has passed since the youngMohammedBouaziziset himselfon firein SidiBouzidin Tunisia, sparking a broad

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  • Are Local Government Authorities Sleeping Over Chinese Involvement In Small Scale Mining In Ghana?

    The upsurge of China’s economic supremacy is being monitored carefully in many parts of the worldlargely because the impact of this new ‘economic power house’ would have significant implications for developed and developing countries throughout the world.While there are arguments that effective policy reforms may have triggered robust export of Chinese manufactured products that increased

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  • Entrepreneurship Insecurity, Smuggling And Cross-Border Dynamics In Central Africa

    Central Africa, as a geopolitical complex and security complex, is plagued since independences to the dynamics of insecurity and border smuggling, structured around the mechanic of networks and the entrepreneurship system. BY HANS DE MARIE HEUNGOUP, ISIDORE COLLINS NGUEULEU DJEUGA | APRIL 30, 2013 This is especially true in the CEMAC zone, where the permeability of intra-regional

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  • French Intervention In Mali: Implications And Consequences

    After pressure on the Provisional Government of Mali and the United Nations for a military intervention, France has a started a military operation called Operation Serval in the north of Mali in January 2013. Operation Serval is much more serving in the interest of France than many pronounced interest of international community.  This operation has

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  • Turkey and Peacebuilding in Africa: leadership, youth and conflict transformation

    Turkey’s position bridging Europe, the Middle East and Asia, and its growing economic and political power, make it an increasingly important regional and international actor in terms of security, leadership and governance. Within this context, a particular trend over the last decade has been the increasing leadership role of Turkey in conflict resolution and peacebuilding

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  • The Dynamics and the Roots of the France’s Security Policy Towards Africa

    France has “special” economic and political relations with Francophone African countries, dating back to the 19th century, and retains its military bases in Gabon, Senegal, the Ivory Coast, Djibouti, and the Central African Republic. France’s security policy towards Africa has changed according to its economic, political and strategic interests. It has been linked with the concepts

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  • How Turkey is Emerging as a Development Partner in Africa

    Turkey provides assistance for relief aid and reconstruction, but also works as a business partner and invests in youth education. BY PROFESSOR ALPASLAN OZERDEM | APRIL 13, 2013 Turkey has emerged as a generous donor for humanitarian crises across the world over the past five years, especially in the context of Africa. In 2011, while

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  • Sudan and South Sudan’s Unresolved Post-Independence Issues

    BY PROFESSOR STEFAN WOLFF | AUGUST 18, 2012   On 2 August 2012, a deadline set by the African Union and endorsed by the Un Security Council for Sudan and South Sudan to reach a comprehensive settlement on unresolved issues stemming from their separation in 2011 passed without an agreement being achieved. Negotiations, however, continued. Despite

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  • Yemen’s Transition: Key Challenges for the National Dialogue

    Ali Abdullah Saleh’s autocratic rule in Yemen comes to an end on 21 February 2012 after 33 years as a new interim president is elected in the country which remains deeply fragile and divided. The outcome of these elections is as predictable as it is certain that they are at best the beginning of a difficult transition

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  • What next for Saif Gaddafi, Libya and the ICC?

    On Monday 21st January a deadline that it now appears was not only arbitrary but also purely notional elapsed. This was the deadline for the current Libyan government to tell the International Criminal Court what they were going to do with the two remaining indictees of the ‘Tripoli Three’ – Saif al-Islam Gaddafi and Abdullah

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  • Somalia: “A famine Caused by Men, not by Global Warming”

    Written by T. J. COLES In 2006, Britain and America began a proxy war in Somalia by training Ethiopian warlords to invade the country in order to destroy the government, the Islamic Courts Union—and with it any chance of socioeconomic recovery. Journalist Aidan Hartley reported that under the leadership of the Western-backed Abdullahi Yusuf, who

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  • Almost One Year on: Three Lessons from the Arab Spring

    Written by PROF. STEFAN WOLFF When Mohamed Bouazizi, a jobless graduate in the provincial city of Sidi Bouzid in Tunisia, about 200km southwest of the capital Tunis, set himself on fire on 18 December 2010 after police had confiscated a cart from which he was selling fruit and vegetables, few would have predicted that this event

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