Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Libya after Gadhafi: Challenges and Opportunities

    Written by PROF. STEFAN WOLFF Friday, 28 October 2011 19:06 With Colonel Gadhafi dead and the last major strongholds of his supporters now under the control of the new government, the National Transitional Council (NTC) is expected to declare the country’s liberation on 23 October and officially begin the transition period envisaged to culminate in

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  • The Murder of Kaddafi by lynch Mob and a Dark Start to “New” Libya

    Written by PROF. BÜLENT GÖKAY Friday, 28 October 2011 18:36 The killing of Muammar Kaddafi on 20 October 2011 by an armed lynch mob and the victory of the rebel forces have been quickly celebrated by the US President Obama and other leaders of the NATO countries, whose warplanes massively bombed the cities of Libya

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  • Farewell To The Great Loon

    Written by WALTER RUSSELL MEAD Saturday, 22 October 2011 06:44 Africa’s King of Kings, the Sword of Islam, the Guide of the People and the Great Loon of Libya is gone.  The crowds kicked his lifeless body through the streets of his hometown.  Those who trusted in him and who aided and abetted his crimes,

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  • Nigeria – Ensuring [un] Rule of Law

    Written by BALA MOHAMMED LIMAN Friday, 21 October 2011 08:28 The current crisis in the Nigerian Judiciary is indicative of the failure of the executive arm of government to allow the judiciary to attain some level of independence and autonomy. An independent and autonomous judiciary is important for ensuring respect for the rule of law

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  • Libya is a Mass of Contradictions

    Written by PROF. INDERJEET PARMAR Tuesday, 04 October 2011 07:22 However history judges the meaning of the current events in Libya, one conclusion might be hard to dismiss: that the situation there is a mish-mash of contradictions that appear to defy logic, in the conventional sense of that term. But there is at its heart

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  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Libya: Possibilities and Probabilities

    Written by PROF. STEFAN WOLFF Tuesday, 04 October 2011 07:14 As the agenda in Libya now decisively shifts to thinking about, different scenarios paint variously optimistic and pessimistic pictures. Roland Paris on the website of the Canadian International Council finds Four Reasons for Optimism in Libya, while Diana West in The Washington Examiner cautions that What U.S.

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  • Rebuilding a ‘New’ Libya and Implications for International Politics

    BY DR. AYLA GÖL** | 13.09.2011 We [the NTC] request from the international community to fulfil its obligations to protect the Libyan people from any further genocide and crimes against humanity without any direct military intervention on Libya soil. On 1 September 1969, exactly 42 years ago, the Libyan ‘revolution’ was launched by a coup

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  • Libya: Human Security Challenges

    BY PROF. ALAN HUNTER** | 11.09.2011 Human Security conceptualisation analyses the interface between security, development and intervention. Traditionally, ‘security’ mostly referred to the security of nation-states in the context of military conflicts with foreign powers. Traditional concepts of security, protection of national borders, are certainly still relevant and legally enforceable, but more sophisticated concepts are

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  • Post-Gaddafi Reconstruction of Libya

    BY PROF. ALPASLAN OZERDEM** | 11.09.2011 On 19 August 2011, Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, Vice-Chairman of National Transition Council (NTC), the rebel group fighting against the Colonel Gaddafi regime in Libya announced that ‘The zero hour has started. The rebels in Tripoli have risen up.’ This was followed by important gains made by the rebels in

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  • Remembering the Past and Reconciling for the Future:

    The Role of Indigenous Commemorative Practices in Sierra Leone* BY DR. STEVEN KAINDANEH** | 06.09.2011 Introduction Scholars have taken a keen interest in the study of war commemoration and its significance in helping survivors of a conflict come to terms with their experiences.  However, whilst much attention has been given to formal and ‘state-sanctioned’ initiatives,

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  • Ethnicity, Ethnic Conflicts, and Secessionism in Ethiopian Politics

    BY BEZAWIT BEYENE** | 19.08.2011 Theoretical Overview Ethnicity is one aspect of identity around which people organise themselves; it is often the core element by which people mobilize and seek political power. Harff and Gurr defined ethnic groups as ‘psychological communities’ whose members share a persisting sense of common interest and identity based on some

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  • Libya – 100 Days On

    By Prof. STEFAN WOLFF | 30.06.2011 On 27 March 2011, NATO launched Operation Unified Protector to protect civilians in Libya under (the threat of) military attack by forces loyal to the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, deriving its mandate from UN Security Council Resolution 1973. One-hundred days on from the beginning of the operation, and the question remains whether an

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  • The Revolt in North Africa in Global Perspective:

    How Neoliberal Policies Triggered Widespread Poverty and Unemployment, and Perhaps an Arab ‘Caracazo’* BY PROF. BULENT GOKAY** | 08.06.2011 On 17 December 2010, a 26-year-old man named Mohammed Bouaziz poured petrol over himself and set his own body alight in front of the office of the regional governor. This incident came after police had smashed

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  • DDR: Niger Delta and Sri Lanka: Smoke and Mirrors?

    BY DESMOND MOLLOY** | 07.06.2011 In the early summer of 2009, both Nigeria and Sri Lanka launched Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) processes; Nigeria to address the activities of armed militants disrupting oil production in the Niger Delta and Sri Lanka to address the situation created by its military defeat of the Liberation Tigers of

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