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Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Libya is a Mass of Contradictions

    Written by PROF. INDERJEET PARMAR Tuesday, 04 October 2011 07:22 However history judges the meaning of the current events in Libya, one conclusion might be hard to dismiss: that the situation there is a mish-mash of contradictions that appear to defy logic, in the conventional sense of that term. But there is at its heart

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  • Post-Conflict Reconstruction in Libya: Possibilities and Probabilities

    Written by PROF. STEFAN WOLFF Tuesday, 04 October 2011 07:14 As the agenda in Libya now decisively shifts to thinking about, different scenarios paint variously optimistic and pessimistic pictures. Roland Paris on the website of the Canadian International Council finds Four Reasons for Optimism in Libya, while Diana West in The Washington Examiner cautions that What U.S.

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  • Rebuilding a ‘New’ Libya and Implications for International Politics

    BY DR. AYLA GÖL** | 13.09.2011 We [the NTC] request from the international community to fulfil its obligations to protect the Libyan people from any further genocide and crimes against humanity without any direct military intervention on Libya soil. On 1 September 1969, exactly 42 years ago, the Libyan ‘revolution’ was launched by a coup

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  • Libya: Human Security Challenges

    BY PROF. ALAN HUNTER** | 11.09.2011 Human Security conceptualisation analyses the interface between security, development and intervention. Traditionally, ‘security’ mostly referred to the security of nation-states in the context of military conflicts with foreign powers. Traditional concepts of security, protection of national borders, are certainly still relevant and legally enforceable, but more sophisticated concepts are

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  • Post-Gaddafi Reconstruction of Libya

    BY PROF. ALPASLAN OZERDEM** | 11.09.2011 On 19 August 2011, Abdel Hafiz Ghoga, Vice-Chairman of National Transition Council (NTC), the rebel group fighting against the Colonel Gaddafi regime in Libya announced that ‘The zero hour has started. The rebels in Tripoli have risen up.’ This was followed by important gains made by the rebels in

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  • Remembering the Past and Reconciling for the Future:

    The Role of Indigenous Commemorative Practices in Sierra Leone* BY DR. STEVEN KAINDANEH** | 06.09.2011 Introduction Scholars have taken a keen interest in the study of war commemoration and its significance in helping survivors of a conflict come to terms with their experiences.  However, whilst much attention has been given to formal and ‘state-sanctioned’ initiatives,

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  • Ethnicity, Ethnic Conflicts, and Secessionism in Ethiopian Politics

    BY BEZAWIT BEYENE** | 19.08.2011 Theoretical Overview Ethnicity is one aspect of identity around which people organise themselves; it is often the core element by which people mobilize and seek political power. Harff and Gurr defined ethnic groups as ‘psychological communities’ whose members share a persisting sense of common interest and identity based on some

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  • Libya – 100 Days On

    By Prof. STEFAN WOLFF | 30.06.2011 On 27 March 2011, NATO launched Operation Unified Protector to protect civilians in Libya under (the threat of) military attack by forces loyal to the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, deriving its mandate from UN Security Council Resolution 1973. One-hundred days on from the beginning of the operation, and the question remains whether an

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  • The Revolt in North Africa in Global Perspective:

    How Neoliberal Policies Triggered Widespread Poverty and Unemployment, and Perhaps an Arab ‘Caracazo’* BY PROF. BULENT GOKAY** | 08.06.2011 On 17 December 2010, a 26-year-old man named Mohammed Bouaziz poured petrol over himself and set his own body alight in front of the office of the regional governor. This incident came after police had smashed

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  • DDR: Niger Delta and Sri Lanka: Smoke and Mirrors?

    BY DESMOND MOLLOY** | 07.06.2011 In the early summer of 2009, both Nigeria and Sri Lanka launched Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) processes; Nigeria to address the activities of armed militants disrupting oil production in the Niger Delta and Sri Lanka to address the situation created by its military defeat of the Liberation Tigers of

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  • Reflections on Violence and Nonviolence in the Arab Uprisings

    BY DR. GUY BURTON | 11.04.2011 Following the overthrow of the Tunisian and Egyptian presidents in the last two months, the Arab uprisings appear to have stalled. Across the Middle East, the region’s leaders appear to have absorbed the lessons of Tunis and Cairo quickly in order to remain in power. The use of state repression,

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