• Russia and Eurasia

    Call for Papers – IEPAS2020


    CESRAN International, Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, and OBSERVARE invite panel and paper proposals, relating to all aspects of humanities and social sciences on wider Eurasia, for the 7th International Conference on Eurasian Politics & Society on 14th–15th May 2020 in Lisbon, Portugal. To present a paper at the conference: Applicants must fill in the Application form here. The conference is also open to non-paper presenters and…

  • Defense & Security, Europe

    Shall the Court Subject Counter-Terrorism Law to Judicial Review? National Security vs Human Rights

    Introduction ‘Terrorist emergencies justify extensive and far-reaching security measures that may legitimately restrict the enjoyment of the fundamental rights: to expect the […] courts to adopt a restrictive approach to such emergency measures is to emphasise concern for abstract ideals over common sense.’[1] The article’s quotation goes into the heart of the British constitution (and…

  • Middle East

    The Era of Coercive Diplomacy in Iranian Nuclear Deal

    The Iranian nuclear programme started with the help of the US in the early 1960s-70s called “Atom for Peace program”. Iran, under the leadership of Shah, was a close US ally. The then Iranian government leadership anticipated that their oil reserves are insufficient to meet the population’s demand and to support economic development. Given this…

  • Defense & Security, Middle East

    International Solidarity and Burden-Sharing: The Case of Syrian Refugees


    Syrian Refugee Crisis The world is currently witnessing a period of unprecedented human movement, which represents one of the most significant problems worldwide in recent times. According to a report by the United Nations (2019), the upsurge of international migrants worldwide has been phenomenal; exceeding 250 million currently, thus, having recorded over 45 million displaced…

  • Defense & Security, Russia and Eurasia

    Rural Afghan Women as Agents for Change and the Failure of Liberal Peacebuilding


    This article will critique the liberal peacebuilding agenda and argue for an alternative, post-liberal approach to peacebuilding and conflict research by drawing upon James Scott’s theory of everyday resistance in conjunction with my own recent research with rural women in the Hirat and Balkh provinces of Afghanistan. The objective of this article is to amplify…

  • Americas

    Texas Valisi öncülüğünde ‘ABD’den ayrılalım’ sesleri

    Cemal Demir     muhafazakar gruplar ülke genelinde federal hükümetin vergi ve harcama politikasını protesto ederken, Texas’tan ayrılık sesleri yükseldi. Texas Valisi Rick Perry’nin de bağımsızlık imasında bulunması şok etkisi yaptı.     Cumhuriyetçi muhafazakar gruplar tarafından ABD’nin dört bir tarafında düzenlenen “çay partisi (tea party)” eylemlerinin en dikkat çekeni ve en üst düzey katılımlısı…

  • Americas

    2009: The Year America Discovered Mexico

    Andrés Martinez iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Mexico. … Mexico? Really? Mexico! All of a sudden, it seems, Mexico popped up on the list of scary places that should keep you up at night. The escalating violence associated with the drug trade has been catapulting the United States’ oft neglected neighbor past perennial hot spots in the…

  • Americas

    Mexico and the Drug Wars

    Francis Fukuyama   One of the most obvious policy initiatives that the United States could undertake right now is is to seriously up the amount of help being given Mexico to bolster security along the US-Mexican border and to help to reform the Mexican judicial system.  We started this process last year with the Merida…

  • Americas

    Pox Americana: Beyond American Studies and the ‘Special Relationship’

    Prof. Scott Lucas                                                                                           With no further ado, American Studies in five episodes:   EPISODE 1: WE’RE NUMBER ONE   A young boy grows in the US South of the 1960s. His overriding impression, reinforced by parents, church, television, and (his childhood obsession) sports, is how lucky he is to have been born American….

  • Americas

    The Betrayal of Dissent

    Prof. Scott Lucas                                                                                           As Robert Fisk has written, ‘The real and frightening story starts now.’[i] It may be the only occasion where he is in accord with neo-conservatives like William Kristol: ‘The mission begins in Baghdad, but it does not end there.’[ii]   ‘The new caliphs’ are putting out their proclamations.[iii] Donald Rumsfeld…

  • Americas

    Enduring “America”: Making the Preponderant Universal?

    Prof. Scott Lucas                                                                                           In October 2001 Charlotte Beers, formerly the head of the Madison Avenue advertising firms Oglivy and Mather and J. Walter Thompson, joined the George W. Bush Administration as Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs. Beers, who had helped give the world the American Express (“don’t leave home without it”)…

  • Americas


    Prof. Scott Lucas                                                                                           Five years ago, the freelance historian Frances Stonor Saunders caused a flurry of press comment with the publication of her Who Paid the Piper?, published in the US under the more prosaic title The CIA and the Cultural Cold War. Edward Said proclaimed, “The energy and determination of her research,…

  • Americas

    Selected Bibliography Turkish-American Relations in the Context of Northern Iraq

                           Ali Onur Özçelik   Abramowitz, Morton. (2000) “The Complexities of American Policy Making on Turkey” in Abromowitz, Morton (ed) Turkey’s Transformation and American Policy.  New York: The Century Foundation. pp. 153-185   Ahmad, Feroz. (2004) “The Historical Background of Turkey’s Foreign Policy” in Martin, Lenore G….



    The 18th issue of the rest: journal of politics and development is out now. Download the issue here… TABLE OF CONTENTS Research Articles The Foreign Policy Decision Making Approaches and Their Applications Case Study: Bush, Obama and Trump’s Decision Making towards Afghanistan and the Region By Sharifullah Dorani Evaluating the Explanatory Power of Social Identity Theory,…

  • The IEPAS2019 (6th Annual Conference on Eurasian Politics and Society) has been completed successfully.

    The 6th International Conference on Eurasian Politics and Society was organised by CESRAN International and Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa on 4-5 July 2019 in Lisbon, Portugal. The conference hosted 11 scholarly panel sessions, one roundtable session and one book discussion session. IEPAS2019 started with the welcome addresses of Professor Jose Amado Da Silva (Rector, UAL), Professor Luis Tome (Scientific coordinator, OBSERVARE-UAL),…

  • Outbidding in Times of Uncertainty – Post-conflict transitions and competitive violence.

    Large bombings, only days apart, in Bogota and Derry/Londonderry have put paid to any notions of a simple peace process in either country. These events show that the two very different conflicts display many of the same dynamics. Both countries have seen increasingly fragmented peace processes, with multiple non-state actors and intransient splinter groups vying…

  • The inherent dangers of secrecy in the US foreign policy

    Since the Vietnam War, officials of the United States have increasingly abused the essential democratic safeguards of accountability and an informed citizenry in apparent attempts to protect themselves from being held accountable for their actions. They use secrecy and disinformation to prevent the American people from obtaining the information they need to evaluate their government’s…

  • 18th Issue of Political Reflection Magazine is Out Now!

    Vol. V | No. I – January-February-March 2019 To Download the Magazine Click Here… CONTENTS 05-06…..World News by Furkan Sahin 09-14…..The Ideological Potential of Climate Change: (Post) Politics in the Age of Global Warming by Miguel Angel Zhan Dai 15-18…..Yemen Civil War: A Conflict That Has Never Ended by Dr. I. Aytac Kadioglu 21-25…..NATO: The Shifting Sands of an Alliance by…