Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • The Clash of Cultures and American Hegemony

    Prof. Francis Fukuyama I have been asked for this panel to reflect on the question of how the core ideas of the early 1990s on what the post-Cold War world would look like have held up over time, and how they relate to contemporary American foreign policy. The End of History has been juxtaposed to The Clash of

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  • The Kings and I

    Francis Fukuyama I don’t feel it is my job to give advice to anyone here, particularly the presidents who spoke before me, concerning the specifics of political and economic arrangements in this region. Rather, I want to put the discussion in the larger context of broader developments in world politics, and my starting point for

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  • The Eradication of American proto-feminism: The re- conceptualizing of gender in the Indian Captivity Narrative

    Matthew Tomiak   Clear-cut gender roles as depicted in the early “Indian Captivity Narratives,” a genre that represented “arguably the first American literary form dominated by women’s experiences as captives, story-tellers, writers, and readers,” could be seen as literary precursors to Richard White’s “Middle Ground” theory. Although White is not primarily concerned with the role

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  • Nabucco’ya “Gaz Verenler”

    Mazhar Yasin Tüylüoğlu   Uluslararası İlişkiler ve Dünya Gündemi Analizleri‘ni kurduğum günden beri ilk kez bir konu hakkında arka arkaya iki ayrı yazı yayınlamış olacağım fakat Nabucco, bundan daha fazlasını hak eden bir proje. Önceki yazıda genel bilgiler ve yorumlara yer vermiş, derine inememiştik. Bu yazıda ise Nabucco Projesi’nde dikkati çekmeyen, üzerinde durulmayan ve basında fazlaca

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  • Baku Becomes a Question Mark for Nabucco Project

    Jessica Powley Hayden   The Nabucco pipeline project took a major step forward when five transit countries recently signed an agreement after years of hesitation. But at least one wild card remains in the path of the project’s realization — Azerbaijan. Although Baku has voiced strong support for Nabucco, experts caution that the country’s recent gas

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  • ‘Turkey should change bridge rhetoric’

    Prof. Mustafa Aydın   Turkey is not a bridge and I think we should forget using this rhetoric. We should drop this rhetoric from Turkish foreign policy. We are a kind of melting pot, a hub, a political, cultural, strategic hub, whatever you would like to call it. A center where people can meet together, talk

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  • The Sources of an Obama Doctrine

    Nicholas Kitchen   Three pieces I’ve read this week caught my attention: the first on Barack Obama’s response to being asked to describe the ‘Obama Doctrine’ in foreign policy; the second on the rise of progressivism in American domestic politics and the third about the ‘insane’ reaction of the American right to all things Obama.

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  • The 2009 Failed States Index

        It is a sobering time for the world’s most fragile countries—virulent economic crisis, countless natural disasters, and government collapse. This year, we delve deeper than ever into just what went wrong—and who is to blame.   Yemen may not yet be front-page news, but it’s being watched intently these days in capitals worldwide.

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  • Historical Revisionism and George W. Bush

    Nick Kitchen   Reading today Mark Tractenberg’s typically thorough piece on Preventative War and US Foreign Policy, (Security Studies 16. 1) I was struck by just how much scholarship there now is that revises the initial assessments of the Bush Doctrine – that it was a radical (and unwelcome) departure from the American Foreign Policy tradition.  

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  • Afghanistan Civilian Deaths: US Military Un-Apologises

    Scott Lucas     l Jazeera’s headline this morning cleverly uses scare quotes: “US Military ‘Confirms’ Afghan Deaths”. The raised eyebrows over “confirm” are justified, however. While “a senior military official” told the press, in advance of a formal briefing on Friday, that, yes, US airstrikes had killed civilians, he was quick to shift responsibility. According

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  • Turkey: Obama Connects With Turks, Promotes Turkish-Armenian Rapprochement

    Yigal Schleife   with a series of well-received speeches, events and high-level meetings, President Barack Obama’s state visit to Turkey appears to have achieved its main goal of laying a new foundation on which to rebuild the battered Turkish-American relationship. The US president also provided a boost for efforts aimed at ending decades of enmity between

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  • Türkiye ve Irak İlişkileri: Güneş Operasyonu’ ndan Cumhurbaşkanı Abdullah Gül`ün Ziyaretine

    Kadri Kaan Renda   ankara`nın Irak politikasının iki temel parametresi Irak`ın bütünlüğünün korunması ve PKK ile mücadeledir.[1] Bu bağlamda Ankara 2003 yılından beri Irak`ın toprak bütünlüğünün korunması için uluslararası arenada sürekli girişimlerde bulunmaktadır.  Türk diplomasisinin inisifiyatiyle yapılan Irak’ın komşularının ve diğer bölge ülkelerin katıldığı toplantılar, Türkiye’nin konuyu çeşitli platformlarda gündeme getirmesi bu girişimlerden sadece bazılarıdır. Bunun yanında

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  • The Axis of Upheaval

    Niall Ferguson   Forget Iran, Iraq, and North Korea—Bush’s “Axis of Evil.” As economic calamity meets political and social turmoil, the world’s worst problems may come from countries like Somalia, Russia, and Mexico. And they’re just the beginning.   Seven years ago, in his State of the Union address on Jan. 29, 2002, U.S. President

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  • Smart Power and US Leadership: A Critique of Joseph Nye

    Paul Cammack     Joseph Nye’s much reiterated insistence on the importance of ‘soft power’ is invariably deployed to support the argument that in the absence of a credible alternative the United States can and must lead in global affairs in the twenty-first century world. He has argued consistently over two decades, and continues to

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