Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • The Causes of Brexit

    The causes of Brexit that I have heard thus far are as follows: The politics of austerity, the collapse of the Labour Party and the loss of the white working and not-so-working class, splits in the Conservative Party, Tory grandees, David Cameron’s political gambling, David Cameron’s ‘deal’ to the keep Britain in an unreformed EU,

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  • Brexit: Between A Rock and A Hard Place

    According to the latest results, the Leave campaign won narrowly in the Brexit Referendum. A narrow win it may be so, yet it is one of the biggest victories for Eurosceptics since the French and Dutch no votes to the European constitution in 2005.  It is yet to be seen whether the British referendum would

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  • A Very Sad Day for Europe: UK Opt to Leave European Union

    The Brexit Referendum results – 51.9% for Leave and 48.1% to Remain – confirm the United Kingdom has decided to leave the European Union. Today’s results will have serious ramifications as the country enters a phase of protracted uncertainty. The initial economic reaction is already grim, with markets deeply nervous about the future of the

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  • Europe’s Leaders are Europe’s Greatest Weakness

    Europe’s leaders are Europe’s greatest weakness. Stockholm is a beautiful city, both solid and enticing in equal measure as it cavorts between land, sea, and sky. And yet behind the façade of Swedish steadiness worry lurks. So much so that Sweden is quietly resurrecting its old Total Defence Concept as it becomes ever clearer that

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  • BBC Accused of Bias on Aleppo

    By Patrick  Ward* and Salwa Amor** Anti-regime activists in Syria have accused the BBC of bias after the broadcaster used footage of the aftermath of a government attack on rebel-held Aleppo while reporting the attack took place on regime-controlled areas. The news reports in question are also alleged to have exaggerated deaths in regime areas.

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  • Terror Bombing in Brussels and Paris

    Europe’s Islamist Legionnaires Come Home to Fight Introduction The terror bombings in Paris and Brussels have raised a cacophony of voices, ranging from state officials, Prime Ministers and Presidents, to academics, journalists and media consultants.  Tons of ink and print have focused on the psychology, networks and operations of the alleged perpetrators – radicalized young

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  • President Trump’s foreign policy dystopia

    After over three decades of living in the United States, one thing that I have learned is never to assume that I understand American domestic politics. Every time I think I grasp where it is going, I am eventually dumbfounded. So I tread on eggshells when venturing onto that terrain. And given my own lack

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  • Brussels attacks: why do family members commit terrorism together?

    It appears to be increasingly common that terrorist attacks not of the lone-wolf variety involve members of the same family. Some of them, like the San Bernardino attack last December, are committed by married couples or romantic partners. But quite a few recent terrorist atrocities – the Charlie Hebdo attack, the Boston Marathon bombings and

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  • Will a 2 Celsius Warming Prove Dangerous? Ocean Circulation Models Say Yes

    Studying climate is not something we invented in the 20th and 21st century. Humans have been observing environmental change associated with climate since the early 19th century when scientists first began to understand the property of gases. They noted that some trapped heat. Scientists also studied the field of geomorphology, the forces in nature that

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  • Iraq Analysis: Prime Minister Caught Between Status Quo & A Cleric

    In Iraq, the menace of radical Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, leader of the Sadrist Movement, has reared its head again, posing serious challenges to Prime Minister Abadi and his plans for government reform. For several months, Abadi’s efforts to fight corruption and replace incompetent ministers with technocrats have faced resistance from entrenched interests from all

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  • The Art of the Deal? More of the Same!

    “There are among us today, as there always have been, those who act against the scheme of things that degrades them, and in the process of action everything we have accepted out of fear or insensitivity or ignorance is shaken before us and examined… More important, from this total questioning of what has previously been

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  • World Social Justice Day – 20 February

    In February 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared 20 February “World Social Justice Day”. The concept of social justice can be traced to ancient religions and philosophies East and West – Hinduism to Islam and Christianity, Marx and Gandhi. Arising from the Industrial Revolution and Enlightenment liberal philosophy, Harvard University philosopher John Rawls who

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  • If We Are not Going to Burn Coal is There Another Reason to Mine It?

    According to a team of researchers from Penn State University, there are rare-earth elements to be found in coal seams. This has been known for awhile but extracting them was seen as too costly to warrant the investment. But ion exchange, a chemical process, could change all that making rare-earth element extraction from coal both

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  • Repairing the Policy-Making Processes of the United States: The First Step in Improving Its Defense

    Former US Department of Defense (DOD) Secretary Robert Gates explained on the January 21, 2016 Business Insider website that our military’s biggest weakness is sequestration, compounded by unpredictability in the budgeting process. Adequate and predictable funding is absolutely necessary for a successful US military. However, the US has suffered humiliating failures in Vietnam, Afghanistan, and

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