Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Turkmenistan: What’s Behind Sudden Manat Devaluation?

    Turkmenistan rang in the New Year by dramatically devaluing its national currency, the manat, and introducing a steep levy on the price of petrol. The scale of the devaluation – comparable to the 19 percent devaluation of the tenge in Kazakhstan earlier in the year – comes as all Central Asian economies are feeling the

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