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Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Kalashnikovs under the poncho

    When something as rock-solid as a national stereotype changes, something profound is surely going on. The traditional (and stupid) Mexican stereotype had been that of the guy wearing a funny and large hat comfortably sleeping next to a cactus. Nowadays, apart from or instead of that we now hold a Kalashnikov under our poncho, eager

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  • Interview with Prof. Liu Jian

    Q: Tagore visited China in 1924. Most significant program on May 8 that year (Tagore’s 63th birthday) was Liang Qichao’s speech, translated into English by Hu Shi (1891-1962), conferring the Chinese name ‘Zhu Zhendan/Chu Chen-dan)’ on Tagore. This was a great episode in the annals of Sino-Indian cultural intercourse. Xu Beihong went to Santiniketan in

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  • Cowboys vs. Indians in Nicaragua’s ‘WILD EAST’

    The road from Managua to Bonanza, a mining town in the autonomous north-eastern part of Nicaragua, is long and for the most part unpaved. Every summer, clouds of dust accompany the brightly painted buses that run to and from the capital, choking the passengers and turning hands, faces and clothes a startling white, while during

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  • Beyond Blind Optimism

    Introduction In Political Reflection Magazine, vol. 3, issue 3, Dr. Terry Tucker writes about the role social media played in the Arab Spring and the campaigns against SOPA/PIPA (Stop Online Piracy/Protect IP Act) and NDAA (National Defense Authorization Act). His article consists primarily of a list of lessons learned from these highly disparate “events.” In

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  • A Comparative Business Case for Bridging Strategies

    Summary Daily turmoil on a global scale is giving business leaders and investors plenty of reasons to keep investments close-hold and their head down as they confront major challenges. New markets, new locations, cross-functional teams, plus uncertainty add risk, delay, and complexity to the business modeling. Strategy must be linked with design and implementation. Today’s

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  • VARIOUS STRINGS OF PEARLS: RECENT SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA AND BEYOND

    Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced in a recently published article that this century will become ‘America’s Pacific Century.’ In her text she declared that a strategic shift was underway in America’s foreign policy, a shift away from former hotspots of geopolitical attention towards the region of AsiaPacific. Further, this newly increased engagement of the

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  • THE NEEDS OF FURTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR PEARL RIVER DELTA

    The main objective of this article is to examine the needs for further development in Pearl River Delta and how the policies of the Hong Kong and other local governments can be adapted to enhance further developments between their two jurisdictions. The Pearl River Delta plays a remarkable leading role and has an important strategic

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  • SOCIAL MEDIA LESSONS LEARNED FOR POLITICAL ENGAGEMENT

    In December of 2010 a man in Tunisia self-immolated in protest and what has followed has literally been explosive, as the lessons learned on the use of social media has been at light speed. Since 2010 a number of connected and seemingly unconnected events have changed the tone and texture of activism. Social media and

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  • RUSSIA AND ITS ENERGY MONOPOLIES

    I n 1990s, due to the lack of economic independence, Russia was not able to play an active role in international affairs. The country was highly dependent on donations from the United States and Europe.1 Oil production had dropped by 50% after the collapse of communism. As much as Russia was willing to repair the

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  • PARIS: “IT IS PAYING THE PRICE FOR BEING A GLOBAL CITY”

    In this volume, Paris the capital city of France, which is also the fifth strongest economy of the world, has been examined in detail from a globalisation perspective. Paris is located at the north of France. With its 12 million population, it is the biggest metropol of the country as well as it is one

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  • NEW CHALLENGES, OLD RECIPES: COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA FOR CHINA’S YOUTH

    Since the Communist Youth League (CYL) became a mass organization in its present form after the 1949 communist victory in China, it has been at the forefront of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) relation with China’s youth. The CYL’s main tasks have historically included political screening and preparation for Party membership, mobilization for developmental projects

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