• Population Size – 1, 331, 460, 000 (2009)
  • Literacy rate: 94% 2008
  • Age Breakdown:
  • 0-14 years: 20% of the population (2009)
  • 15-64 years: 72% (2009)
  • 60+ years: 12.6% women/11.2% men * (2009)
  • Population Female (% of total): 48.1% (2009)
  • Population Male (% of total): 51.9% (2009)
  • Sex Ratio: men per 100 women: 107.9* (2009)
  • Life expectancy: 74.8 women/71.3 men (2005-2010)
  • Adolescent Fertility Rate (Births per 1,000 women ages 15-19): 10% (2008)
  • Birth Rate (Crude per 1,000): 12% (2008)
  • Death Rate (Crude per 1,000): 7% (2008)
  • Fertility Rate (total births per women) 1.8% (2008)
  • Contraception prevalence (% of women ages 15-49): 85% (2006)
  • Health Expenditure per Capita (in US$): 108 (2007)
  • Public Health Expenditure (% of total health expenditure): 44.7% (2007)
  • Health expenditure, total (% of GDP): 4.3% (2007)
  • Prevalence of HIV, female (% ages 15-24): 0.1 % (2007)
  • Prevalence of HIV, male (% ages 15-24): 0.1 % (2007)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-24): 0 (2007)
    • Excluding data from Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions

Sources: The World Bank and United Nations:



  • Ethnicity:
    • Han Chinese: 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other ethnicities 8.5% (2000 Census)

A further list of ethnic minorities can be found here:


  • Languages Spoken: Mandarin (Official Language),
    • Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghai dialect), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkein), Hakka, and an assortment of minority languages.
  • Religion: Official Atheist but there is an estimated 3-4% Christian, 1-2% Muslim, Buddhism, and Taoist.

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