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Cesran International

Recent Articles


    It is a common belief in political essays and academic papers that politics have been trapped into a new circle of voting seeking. The well-founded political labels of left-wing and right-wing, as well as the euphemism of the political center are all deeply affected by the lack of a mind-blowing yet active and alive public

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  • Modernization Theory and “Third Wave Democracy”: Internal and External Impediments to Democracy and Development

    Introduction Known mostly for The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order(1996) Samuel Huntington, like Francis Fukuyama (End of History and the Last Man, 1992), caught the interest of apologists of Western capitalism’s triumph over Soviet Communism during the 1990s and early 2000s. The quest to articulate a unifying theory that explained

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  • Non-human Democracy: Putting Inspirations, Lessons and Analogies to Work

    This is the final part of a three-part essay. Part one asks why democratic research has all but ignored non-human species. Part two argues that our all-too-human conception of democracy must evolve in the Anthropocene, so why not consider the possibilities offered by other species that have evolved key elements of democratic organisation? Bonobos, sometimes

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  • Non-human Democracy: Our Political Vocabulary has No Room for Animals

    This is part one of a three-part essay that proposes a way of thinking about democracy that’s seldom, if ever, used. Despite the popularity in other disciplines of inter-species thinking, it’s ignored in democracy research. Why is that? Why can we not conceive of democracy as anything other than uniquely human? “Non-human Democracy” seeks to

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  • Beyond Blind Optimism

    In Political Reflection Magazine, vol. 3, issue 3, Dr. Terry Tucker writes about the role social media played in the Arab Spring and the campaigns against SOPA/PIPA (Stop Online Piracy/Protect IP Act) and NDAA (National Defense Authorization Act). His article consists primarily of a list of lessons learned from these highly disparate “events.” In the

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  • Social Media Lessons Learned for Political Engagement

    In December of 2010 a man in Tunisia self-immolated in protest and what has followed has literally been explosive, as the lessons learned on the use of social media has been at light speed.  Since 2010 a number of connected and seemingly unconnected events have changed the tone and texture of activism. Social media and

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  • Building a State or Maintaining the Occupation? International Support for Fayyad’s State-building Project

    Since the peace process began after the Oslo Accords were signed in 1993, the international community has invested heavily in building Palestinian institutions and preparing for a future Palestinian state alongside Israel. BY ANDERS PERSSON | MAY 16, 2012 In that sense, peacebuilding has followed the growing trend of making state-building an integral part and even

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  • Intra-Community Dialogue: A Challenge to Racism and Faith Based Prejudice?

    This paper arises from action research exploring the extent to which secular and religious peacebuilding may prove to be a resource for contemporary UK community cohesion. The research was centred on an interfaith community dialogue project set up to counter the divisive narratives of the British National Party (BNP), an extreme right wing group postulating

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  • Has Sovereignty Eroded?

    From the historic continental United States of America to the savannah lands of Africa through the oil regions of the Middle East to the Asian and Russian peninsula, the European Westphalia state system has become one of the dominant political systems that have taken shape across international society. It has been a central model that

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