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Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • On The Brink Of Revolution: An Analysis Of China’s Incomplete Revolution And Its Impending Completion By Minority Groups

    Introduction Although China’s 1949 Revolution could be considered a completion of its 1911 Revolution, the Chinese Revolution actually remains incomplete. While these two events altered the political and economic structures of the country, the societal structure was fundamentally unchanged. Chinese society has indicated a need for change and certain factors point towards an impending movement

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  • VARIOUS STRINGS OF PEARLS: RECENT SECURITY DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA AND BEYOND

    Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced in a recently published article that this century will become ‘America’s Pacific Century.’ In her text she declared that a strategic shift was underway in America’s foreign policy, a shift away from former hotspots of geopolitical attention towards the region of AsiaPacific. Further, this newly increased engagement of the

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  • THE NEEDS OF FURTHER DEVELOPMENT FOR PEARL RIVER DELTA

    The main objective of this article is to examine the needs for further development in Pearl River Delta and how the policies of the Hong Kong and other local governments can be adapted to enhance further developments between their two jurisdictions. The Pearl River Delta plays a remarkable leading role and has an important strategic

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  • NEW CHALLENGES, OLD RECIPES: COMMUNIST PROPAGANDA FOR CHINA’S YOUTH

    Since the Communist Youth League (CYL) became a mass organization in its present form after the 1949 communist victory in China, it has been at the forefront of the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) relation with China’s youth. The CYL’s main tasks have historically included political screening and preparation for Party membership, mobilization for developmental projects

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  • CHINA’S ATTITUDE MAY HINDER ITS QUEST FOR AFRICA’S NATURAL RESOURCES

    China’s willingness to invest in Africa has brought benefits to both that continent and the Chinese people. But if Chinese leaders do not quickly respond to the growing mass political consciousness in many African countries, all that has been achieved could crash around their ears. Whether it is by democrats or dictators, China is accustomed

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  • The Cosmopolitanisation of Cartography

    This work is about arguing that the maps of the world should be reconsidered in a global dialogue: in a process that opens the dispute of boundaries between union-states, regions, zones, or other similar geo-political terms. David Marquand, in his important opus The End of the West (2011) reminds us that West and East perhaps

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  • The Case for Li Yuanchao as Premier

    The Central Committee met over the weekend of October 15, 2011 to determine how the upcoming succession during the 18th Party Congress in 2012 should occur the current candidate to succeed Hu Jintao is Xi Jinping with Li Keqiang, one of the Vice-Premiers is believed to succeed Wen Jiabao as the Premier at the 12th

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  • Sino-Indian Relations: Competition or Cooperation?

    Despite protests by the Chinese government, the Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama went ahead with plans to visit a heavily militarized Tibetan Buddhist area in northeast India in November 2009, which is the focus of an intense territorial dispute between China and India. Dalai Lama had re-iterated that he did not want to be the

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  • Russia and China: Reconciliation or Strategic Friendship

    The postwar period has witnessed an unbreakable Sino-Soviet brotherhood after their joint victory in the anti-imperial Japan. The key words that have described the bilateral relations were: ideological soul mates, peers and allies. The Soviet Union and its Marxist-Leninist ideology was the model of the newly established People’s Republic of China. Yet, the turning point

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  • Return to Countryside: A New Attempt of Rural Financial Transformation

    In July 2009, the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) issued a threeyear plan on the development of New Rural Financial Institutions. The plan proposed to set up 1294 New Rural Financial Institutions including 1027 Village Banks by the end of 2011. According to the plan, 75.2% of the proposed New Rural Financial Institutions would be

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