Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict in the Scope of Accelerating Iran-Armenian Relations

    At present, the international community‟s preoccupation with Middle East Unrest overshadows a new trend in Iranian Armenian political relations affecting the South Caucasus. The officials and former civil servants of Iran have frequently made statements in support of IranianArmenian diplomacy. In these statements they express anxiety, about the armament of the region in particular and

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  • Unlearned lessons of history

    Rewriting history Today the process of rewriting history is gaining momentum. Washington succeeded so well in the substitution of factual evidence and perception thereof by people, that the whole world repeated the mantra after them, indeed that the USA had saved the planet from the brownshirted plague. Then, Russia carried out the 60th Victory Day

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  • What the T-14 can tell NATO about a resurgent Russia

    What the T-14 can tell NATO about a resurgent Russia The piece of advice Bismark accorded to the new German general staff after unification in 1871, “Russia is never as strong as she looks, or as weak”, in many respects has never been truer. Open diplomatic hostility with the West and massive cross-cutting sanctions since

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  • Russian Foreign Policy under Dmitry Medvedev’s Presidency (2008-2012)

    Summary Putin’s Russia (2000-2008) not only established internal stability, following the difficult and painful transition of the 1990’s onwards, but recovered economically, bolstered by a rapid increase in revenues from oil exports. Vladimir Putin knew how to take advantage of Russia’s position as the main supplier of energy to Europe. He also used it as

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  • Nazarbaev Heads For A New Term In Kazakh Vote

    Voters in Kazakhstan are voting in a ballot that is expected to result in the reelection of President Nursultan Nazarbaev. With authorities clamping down on opposition and keeping tight control over the media in the energy-producing Central Asian nation, the 74-year-old Nazarbaev is expected to win a fifth term easily. His two rivals are not well

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  • Islamic State, Afghanistan and Pakistan!!

    The Baqiya wa Tatamaddad (remaining and expanding) strategic motivations of the Islamic State have created a commotion that needs to be examined objectively, particularly reports related to the terror organization’s recruitment and expansion in South Asia. The open source intercepts of the militants broadly located on the vast, virtually lawless, expanse of Afghanistan suggests that the neo-Jihadists

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  • Has China Made Its First Big Military Sale In Central Asia?

    China has reportedly provided both Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan with sophisticated air defense systems, which would represent the largest Chinese military equipment deal thus far in Central Asia. Reportedly, China has provided one battalion each to Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan of the HQ-9 air defense system, as partial payment for natural gas that it imports from Central

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  • New Georgian Interior Minister Faces Multiple Challenges

    Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili has promoted First Deputy Interior Minister Vakhtang Gomelauri to succeed his former boss, Aleksandr Chikaidze, as minister. Chikaidze had submitted his resignation on January 23, citing as his reason for doing so allegations that he had protected from prosecution police special-purpose-unit officers who were involved in the shooting in Tbilisi in May 2006

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  • Northern Sea Route: A Game Changer for Russia?

    Throughout the twentieth century, we see the growing importance of oil to the growth of the global economy. In the unlikely event of the discovery of a major feasible alternative energy source, it will continue to be the most valuable commodity in the world. Countries that are born lucky with significant oil wealth or major

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  • Turkmenistan: What’s Behind Sudden Manat Devaluation?

    Turkmenistan rang in the New Year by dramatically devaluing its national currency, the manat, and introducing a steep levy on the price of petrol. The scale of the devaluation – comparable to the 19 percent devaluation of the tenge in Kazakhstan earlier in the year – comes as all Central Asian economies are feeling the

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  • What’s The EEU And What Are Its Chances?

    Five years ago, Moscow had every reason to feel secure about its neighborhood. Ally Kazakhstan was settling in as the first post-Soviet state to chair the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Belarus had acquiesced to new oil-supply terms from Russia. And all three countries had just joined forces in a new Common Economic

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  • The South Caucasus: Obama’s Russia ‘Reset’ And Putin’s Doctrine

    by Mahir Khalifazadeh, Ph.D,* ABSTRACT The article reviews the key priorities of President Obama’s ‘reset’ policy with Russia. The author analyzes the impact of the ‘reset’ policy on the South Caucasus. The region’s strategic importance is emphasized for U.S. policy towards the Great Middle East and the post-Soviet space. The author discusses the failure of

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