Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • Russia weighs in on Bannon-free White House

    Steve Bannon’s departure as White House chief strategist was seen coming a mile away, but it is still sending shock waves of speculation over potential policy shifts by US President Donald Trump’s administration. The move re-energized the ongoing debate on whether President Donald Trump is going to end up impeached, with observers on both sides arming themselves

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  • The Hindrance of Development in Pakistan: How Pakistan is Holding Itself Back

    Abstract This paper seeks to explain the predominant reasons behind Pakistan’s lack of development. While there is not one, simple definition of what a developing country is, there are a number of attributes a country may have that can explain why it has not become a developed country. Countries that engage in democratic processes typically

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  • RUSSIA AND ITS ENERGY MONOPOLIES

    I n 1990s, due to the lack of economic independence, Russia was not able to play an active role in international affairs. The country was highly dependent on donations from the United States and Europe.1 Oil production had dropped by 50% after the collapse of communism. As much as Russia was willing to repair the

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  • MY DYING MOTHER: RUSSIA’S DEPOPULATION CRISIS AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

    Our dear Mother Russia is sick and dying. Power remains as centralized as ever, and the public is still unable to rely on this centrality for security and health benefits. The inability of the Russian government to address the issues surrounding the health of its country has resulted in an unprecedented health crisis never seen

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  • BACHA KHAN AND NONVIOLENCE: HOPE FOR PEACE IN AFGHANISTAN AND PAKISTAN

    It was a historical day that Bacha Khan (1890 – 1988) was born in the strategic tall mountains of Pashtun land located on the border of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Bacha Khan is also known as, Abdul Ghafar Khan, Fakhr -e-Afghan, non-violent Muslim soldier of Islam and a man to match his mountains. When Bacha Khan

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  • Russian Government’s “Selective” Anti-corruption Campaign in the Energy Sector

    At a session of the Russian Governmental Commission on the Electric Energy Development, Putin has attacked upon management of the state-run energy companies, with affiliated private firms, as a rule, which have deduced state assets from the country. However, many experts believe that “small fries” will suffer, and Putin’s “elite” remains untouched, i.e. “struggle” isn’t

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  • Perfect Nuclear Storm Waiting to Happen in Russia’s Northwest Region

    The large-scale nuclear disaster at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant has acted as a wakeup call for the international community, engendering deep reflection on the consequences of using nuclear energy. The maintenance and servicing of nuclear plants either currently in operation or under construction, and the dismantling of those already decommissioned or on their

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  • Azerbaijan and the Iran Crisis: Stuck in the Middle

    The crisis between Iran and the Western powers continues to escalate. Sanctions, wargames, and the ‘covert war’ being conducted against the Iranian nuclear programme has heightened tensions and raised the risk of a regionally destabilising war. Most analysis has focused on the implications of the crisis for the Persian Gulf and the Arab world. Tensions

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  • Putin’s ‘Eurasian Union’: Geopolitical Repositioning

    On 24th of September 2011, during the United Russia congress in Moscow Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin ended all the speculations on his candidacy for the Presidency of Russia. Putin announced that he will run for president next March in presidential elections that could extend his rule until 2024. Vladimir Putin served as President of

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  • The Mistral Warship Deal: What’s in for France and Russia?

    After two years of negotiations, Russia and France signed a treaty of military cooperation on June 17, 2011 under which two Mistral-class amphibious assault ships, together with their full technological complement, will be sold to Russia. This deal marked the largest transfer of sensitive military equipment from one country to another in history. The agreement

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  • Russia-Georgia Relations: Among Illusions and Visions

    Leaving public opinion aside, the leadership of all post-Soviet countries enjoy reasonably amicable relations with Russia The exception is Georgia, whose ongoing conflict with Russia is recognized as the most acute across the entire post-Soviet territory. Following the August War in 2008, Russia and Georgia are now officially enemies: direct diplomatic relations between the two

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  • Bhutan Cements Its Democracy

    At the end of June the picturesque Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan held its first ever local elections. Over recent years this tiny country of around 700,000 has been undergoing a remarkable political transition and these were only the third nation-wide polls since Bhutan‘s revered Fourth King, Jigme Sengay Wanchuk, decreed in 2006 that Bhutan was

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  • Afghanistan after a Decade: Progress and Challenges Ahead

    It has been almost a decade since international community with mandate of United Nations has intervened in Afghanistan to oust the Taliban regime, dismantle the web of terror and above all to rebuild its economy, state institutions and polity. The consensus emerged in international community to fight the war against terrorism and also for providing

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