Book Reviews

Book Review: Human Security in East Asia: Challenges for Collaborative Action

0 46
Sorpong Peou (ed.)
Human Security in East Asia: Challenges for Collaborative Action
2009, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, Routledge, ISBN: 978 0 41546 796 4, 208 p., £95.00

Though human security issues have been increasing in East Asia, the impacts of human security within the academic and policy-making circles are still limited, even advocates of human rights are always split on collaboration. This raises several critical questions: what are the theoretical differences between the West and East? What are the challenges to collaborations of protecting human rights in East Asian countries? Is there any hope for improving the extent of collaboration (e.g. humanitarian intervention, intrastate peacekeeping and international criminal justice) among actors in East Asia?

Human Security in East Asia gives the answers to these essential questions, which are urgently needed. This edited volume is a collection of analytical essays by the established scholars on human security in East Asia, this makes the arguments more tenable and convincing. This edited volume not only emphasizes the human security issues in East Asia (especially Southeast Asia), but also analyses the challenges facing collaboration in this region.

From Asian and Western perspectives, the edited volume does make three contributions to human security studies: first, it advances the MPCE framework (military, political, criminal and economic), which defines human security as “human freedom from the fear of direct and indirect physical harm resulting from military, political, criminal and economic violence” (p.6); second, it explores the barriers of collaboration in human rights and focuses on the human security issues in Southeast Asia; third, it highlights the policy recommendations to promote more effective collaborations in the future, that is “collaborative action based on normative consensus, policy coordination and material contribution cannot be forged and enhanced unless it also serves actors’ own interests” (p.27).

In my view, the most note-worthy chapters are 4 and 5, which explore the feasibility of collaboration on humanitarian intervention in Southeast Asia, and rethink the extent to which human security would be prioritized on the policy agenda in East Asian countries. In chapter 4, “Southeast Asia’s Points of Convergence on International Intervention”, Mely Caballero-Anthony highlights that several factors hamper Southeast Asian countries’ efforts in collaborations of humanitarian intervention. For instance, there is still insufficient consensus on the definition and norms of humanitarian intervention. As a result, most countries in this region have never prioritized humanitarian intervention on their policy agenda. Though ASEAN tends to the policy option of humanitarian intervention to some extent, it’s acceptance to humanitarian intervention is conditioned, that is, “within the framework of the UN peace operations” (p.69).

In chapter 5, “Human Security in Extremis: East Asian Reactions to the Responsibility to Protect”, Paul M. Evans argues that the future prospects of human security in East Asia are optimistic, although the human security collaboration is only at a primary stage. As Evans points out, human security has not been prioritized on the agenda of most East Asian countries, because “sovereignty” and “non-interference” still trump “human security” in the realm of policy making. For some countries in this region, human security was drawn from Western experience “appears to many an alien” (p.79). For some countries facing armed conflicts and socioeconomic instabilities, human security might be regarded as “dangerous transplant” (p.79).

It’s worth noting that this volume questions the shortcomings of the mainstream schools. For example, as Simon Springer criticises, neo-liberalism’s appropriation of human security as “partiality-based”, which “provides free-market ideology with the necessary language to veil its inherent hypocrisy” (p.140). For paving a middle way between the competing approaches to human security (i.e. broad approach and narrow approach), Peou forwards a more proper definition of human security, which nonetheless acknowledges military, political, criminal, and economic (MPCE) violence as threats to human security.

The edited volume is divided into two sections: from multiple theoretical perspectives (e.g. liberalism, constructionism and postmodernism), Part I (chapters 1-4) explores the theoretical and conceptual contentions between the West and East, including the conceptual issues of human security, the dynamics of human security discourse in both academic and policy-making circles, and the different comprehensions of human security in the East and West. Part II (chapters 5-8) examines the challenges and implications to collaborations of human security in East Asia. Based on the case analysis of East Timor and Cambodia, the contributors highlight the weak points of collaborations in human security in this region. The case of East Timor shows that, the participation of East Asian countries in the peace operations was interpreted as “a form of cooperation with Indonesia, based on the pursuit of their national interests” (p.107). Moreover, the contributors discuss the feasibility of collaboration, such as, international criminal justice. Concerning the collaboration in the field of international criminal justice–an alternative option of promoting human security, the collaboration among stakeholders and powerful states is urgently needed.

Peou’s edited volume does succeed in achieving its’ goals, I look forward to the second edition of this well-researched and organized volume, which will hopefully explore the newly emerging human security issues in East Asia and their interconnections with collaboration. For example, what are the dynamics of child soldiering and other critical human security issues, including human trafficking and drug smuggling, in East Asia? What are the policy implications of these issues for collaboration in this region?

In short, Human Security in East Asia should be a must reading on human security in East Asia. It deserves a wide readership—academics, scholars, policy makers and students, who are interested in human security of East Asia, especially in Southeast Asia. In addition, this volume is a highly recommended purchase for university libraries and anyone who is trying to know more about the challenges and implications of human security in East Asia.

Published in Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security (JCTS) Vol. 4 | No. 1-2

About the author / 


Leave a reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.


  • 25th Issue is Online Now!

    Vol. VI | No. IV – October-November-December 2020 To Download the Magazine Click Here… CONTENTS 05-13….. World News by Ebru Birinci 15-20….. The Jungle Grows Back How can We Redefine the Future World Order in the Tension of Power and Ideas? by Marco Marsili 22-29….. Interview With Professor Katharyne Mitchell by Ozgur Tufekci & Rahman…

  • 24th Issue is Online Now!

    Vol. VI | No. III – July-August-September 2020 To Download the Magazine Click Here… CONTENTS 05-14….. World News by Ebru Birinci 17-24….. Preparedness for an Uncertain Future “The Only Thing We Have to Fear is Fear Itself” by Professor Mark Meirowitz 25-39….. EU LAW vs UK LAW The Primacy of EU Law over National Law:…

  • IEPAS2020 is Going Virtual!

    Dear Friends and Colleagues, IEPAS2020 is Going Virtual! Due to the COVID19 pandemic, we are holding our entire conference virtually by streaming all of the live sessions. You may participate in all of our virtual networking events. In case of missing a session, you may get full access to the replays of every session since all…

  • The 13th issue of JCTS (Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security) is out now…

    The 13th issue of JCTS (Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security) is out now… Vol. 8 | No. 1 | 2020 Click here to Download the Entire Issue   TABLE OF CONTENTS Editor’s Note By David Curran Introduction By Nergis Canefe Research Articles Statelessness as a Permanent State: Challenges to the Human Security Paradigm By…

  • The 19th Issue of The Rest: Journal of Politics and Development is Out Now!

    The 19th issue of the rest: journal of politics and development is out now. Download the issue here… TABLE OF CONTENTS Research Articles Turkish AK Parti’s Posture towards the 2003 War in Iraq: The Impact of Religion amid Security Concerns By Alberto Gasparetto Nigeria and the Great Powers: The Impacts of the Boko Haram Terrorism on…

  • CESRAN International Named again amongst the Top Think Tanks in the World

    CESRAN International is pleased to announce that it has been named again amongst the world’s best think tanks. The 2019 Global Go To Think Tank Index ranked CESRAN International 141st among the World’s “Top Think Tanks in Western Europe” 75th among the World’s “Top Environment Policy Think Tanks” 153rd among the World’s “Top Foreign Policy…