Cesran International

Recent Articles

  • The Ideological Future Of The Middle East: Turkey Model

    In the field of political science, the attitudes of any states are being understood through the political ideology which fits with these attitudes or politics. Almost all of them are described as an “ism” such as capitalism, socialism, liberalism or realism. They emerged in Europe and had been exported to the rest of the world.

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  • TURKISH NATURAL GAS HUB AND ENERGY SECURITY: Theory and Practice

    On the eve of World War I (WWI), Winston Churchill, as the first lord of the Admiralty, converted the Royal Navy from coal to oil. As a result, a shift emerged in the imported fuel dependency, from Welsh Coal to Iranian oil. Then Churchill declared, “Safety and certainty in oil lie in variety and variety

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  • BAKU – “Baku’s Planning: for what and who?”

    Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, has been examined in this volume. Azerbaijan stands at the crossing point of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It is a resource-rich country and it is located on very important energy and transportation corridors; so Azerbaijan is one of the most attractive centres for global investors in the Eastern

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  • Turkish – Armenian Rapprochement: Renewed Interest?

    The international media has shown renewed interest in the revitalization of Turkish-Armenian relations, which has spawned a number of conferences and meetings. It comes as no surprise that during the Annual Conference on US-Turkey relations on 31 October, U.S Secretary of State Hillary Clinton stated that progress in Armenian-Turkish relations would be a positive step

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  • Sundays Referendum: Electoral Implications

    After a heated campaign period, the “yes camp” claimed victory on Sunday night in Turkey’s referendum which changes the political system from a parliamentary system to a presidential one. The changes will hand Erdogan sweeping powers. Surely, the vote cemented Erdogan’s role as the most powerful leader in Turkey’s history and sets the stage for

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  • Constitutional Referendum in Turkey: Victory vs. Great Divide

    According to the early results of the referendum, held on 16 April 2017, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his ruling Justice and Development Party, or AK Party, have claimed victory. That victory means that constitutional amendments that would scrap the country’s parliamentary system in favour of a presidency with expanded powers have been approved by

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  • What to Expect from Turkey’s New Secular Leadership

    Turkey’s opposition Republican People‟s Party (CHP) has been undergoing an important and profound transformation since May 2010, which began with the resignation of Deniz Baykal, the party‟s chairman for more than 15 years, as a result of sex scandal allegations. Following Baykal‟s resignation, Kemal Kilicdaroglu was elected as the new chairman of the CHP. A

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  • Interview with Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emre Iseri on Energy Security

    Considering Turkey’s 2023 vision and energy policy objectives, what are the potential challenges that Turkey faces?  Do you think that Turkey is pursuing a sustainable energy policy? As a country with growing imported energy demand, which is around 70-75% at the moment, Turkey aims to reach sustainable energy future by increasing the share of local

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